Genetic Testing - FAQ
1. Will ASA, under the suggested sale terms & conditions, require all sale cattle to be tested free or be green code?
Will ASA, under the suggested sale terms & conditions, require all sale cattle to be tested free or be green code?
No. The only thing required by the ASA is sires and donor dams that fall under either the ‘carrier in lineage’ (pink code) or ‘suspect population’ (yellow code) category for a particular abnormality be tested for that abnormality.
The breeder and/or sale management have total latitude in determining sale eligibility.
If I sell an animal that is later found to have a genetic defect what is the limit of my liability?
The ASA has no jurisdiction or opinion in this area. The laws or courts of the state where the sale occurred would likely make that determination.
Can I sell a pink or yellow code animal and transfer papers?
Yes. You can also sell a red coded animal and transfer papers.
Note: The ONLY thing ASA is requiring is that sires and donor dams that fall under our ‘suspect population’ or ‘carrier in lineage’ category be tested.
What animals will be put in a “genetic hold” status?
Calves out of sires or donor dams that requiring testing per ASA's Genetic Abnormality Policy.
Will a purebred calf from a yellow code ¾ blood Simmental cow and a purebred Simmental bull have a green or yellow code calf?
This question requires a review of a couple points in ASA's Genetic Abnormality Policy:
If we assume:
The resultant offspring will be coded yellow, i.e., fall into the ‘suspect population’ category because it will have 1/8 blood from an unknown ancestor belonging to a suspect population.
However, if we assume:
The resultant offspring will have 1/16 of its blood coming from an unknown ancestor from a suspect population. In this case the calf will fall into the ‘assumed free’ category (i.e., lightest green code).
Keep in mind:
Will I receive a registration paper and EPDs on calves that have a pink or yellow code?
Registration papers and EPDs are withheld on calves that fall into a “genetic hold” status.
Note: A calf’s “genetic hold” status is not determined by its own abnormality status, i.e., whether it’s coded pink, yellow or green is immaterial. A “genetic hold” status is issued on calves that are out of a donor dam or sire that has a pink or yellow code that has not been tested. Once their parent in question has been tested, the calf’s registration paper and EPDs will be released.
Unless I test every pink or yellow code cow aren’t they the same as a commercial cow?
A pink or yellow code does not mean that the animal in question is a carrier of a genetic abnormality. It simply means that, based on the information available, we have determined the animal to be at a greater risk of carrying the abnormality than a green shaded animal.
Reciprocally, breeders should be cognizant of the fact that a green shaded animal can possibly be a carrier of the genetic abnormality. The only animals we can be absolutely certain of being non carriers are those that have been tested free (dark green) and that conclusion requires the assumption that no error occurred in testing.
Why not sell them all? What value does a pink or yellow code animal have for our Association?
The color codes provide a simple and effective means of conveying information about an animal’s risk level for carrying a genetic abnormality.
Again, the color code only provides information—it is the market place that determines value.
Can I be confident that bulls from AI studs are in compliance with ASA’s Genetic Abnormality Policy?
No. You should check the ASA website to verify the status of any sire you have used or plan on using.