SPC important dates

Get the 2016/2017 SPC Final Results Here

The AJSA Steer Profitability Competition (SPC) is designed to provide junior members mean­ingful exposure to the opportunities and challenges associated with cattle feeding. The SPC will not only allow participants to measure and compare the profitability of their own animal(s), but of greater importance, it will introduce young beef enthusiasts to peers, mentors, industry advocates, and experiences that are exceedingly difficult to acquire for any beef producer. Participants in the SPC program will be powerful voices as they transition from junior membership to adult participation within the beef industry.

Winners will be announced at the 2018 National Classic Awards Banquet in St. Paul, MN. Awards will be granted for the top three animals overall, top three pen of 3 overall, and top monthly write-up participant.

New This Year

  1. All steers on GrowSafe feed intake system throughout the entire project.
  2. Individual intake and gain information on all steers.
  3. Monthly weights on all steers.
  4. Steers will be fed at University of Missouri Beef Research & Teaching Farm in Columbia, MO.
  5. Risk management and consultation will continue through Chappell Feedlot.
  6. On site field day spring 2018.
  7. A monthly newsletter highlighting SPC details, industry news and steer performance.
  8. One monthly bill detailing specific expenses on each steer.

Animal Requirements:

  1. Steers only
  2. Animals must be entered in the ASA database
  3. One parent registered in the ASA database
  4. DNA sample required
  5. Birth date range: 1/15/17 to 4/15/17
  6. Weaning date range: 8/15/17 to 10/15/17
  7. Castration must occur prior to weaning
  8. Steers must weigh 500 - 750 lbs at delivery
  9. Steers must be polled or dehorned
  10. Any breed composition welcome provided they meet rules 1-9.


Contest Guidelines:

  1. Entry fee of $50/ head
  2. Feedlot placement approximately Nov. 1
  3. All decisions at the discretion of feedyard
  4. Harvest will occur approximately May 2018 (Date at discretion of feedyard)
  5. Participation in monthly e-meetings
  6. Entrant will receive reports on:
  7. Monthly feed and health bill
  8. Final feedyard data
  9. Final carcass performance data




“Thank you for putting this program on! I learned a lot, and I am glad I was able to be a part of this.”

– Natalie Bergquist, program participant, ND


“Many thanks to the entire staff at the Junior Simmental Association who put forth so much effort  to make this opportunity possible for me and all the other young people who have been involved in this opportunity. Thank you!”

– Madeline Smith, program participant, KY


“I just wanted to start my last monthly summary by saying thank you. Thank you for having this awesome program for me to participate in my senior year of high school. I have enjoyed every minute of it, and I am excited to watch this program grow and have hundreds of participants in the upcoming year.”

– Carlye Rodenbeck, program participant, TX


“Thanks to you all at AJSA! It’s been a great experience!  Mitchell said to me last night, “now that my last write up is done, I’m gonna miss it!” Kudos to you all!”

– Jen Vaad, program parent, CO


“Thank you for all your hard work making this happen and working through all the kinks for us! I thought it  went smoothly for the first year. Thank you again to AJSA, ASA, and Chappell Feedlot for all their help!”

– Brady Wulf, program participant, MN


“I have enjoyed the competition and learned so much over the past months.”

– Ella Fischer, program participant, MO


Click here for more information


Direct questions to ASA Director of Membership and Industry Operations , Chip Kemp at 406-587-4531 ext 508 or at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

 Entry Deadline is September 29, 2017

Why All The Fat Bulls?

By Marty Ropp      |      
The cost of producing and selling environment.
When you ask producers, what condition they prefer to buy seedstock cattle in, they regularly reply, "I just don't want to buy over-fat bulls". In fact, for a variety of reasons, seedstock buyers rarely prioritize or purchase "lean" cattle partially because not enough producers offer them for sale in normal body condition. Service-age bulls for purchase with ultrasound measures of .15 to .25 inches of back fat are just not the norm (yearling bulls will generally increase .05 to .1 inches during the 30 days between ultrasound measures and sale). Females less than condition score six or seven too are regularly discriminated against at purchase time despite the production challenges that can come with that extra condition.

So why always the fat ones? I know that generalization isn't fair for everyone that buys and or sells seedstock, but it's often the case. When you consider the cost to everyone involved, all that extra environment creates an unrealistic ideal and is a purely, unnecessary expense to the cattle business.

As an industry, why do we offer overly fat seedstock cattle for sale, and then regularly reward those cattle with premium pricing? There is no doubt that seeing cattle that are in better condition than those we have at home is pleasing. Many of us have had experiences
where having the cows a bit thin brought snide comments from neighbors at the coffee shop that sometimes even led to a grumpy family matriarch or patriarch.

Even external influences like buying based on photos or videos, your 4-H judging team coach's influence or watching the judge at Denver, often sends a terrible message to producers about what condition is desirable for cattle in order for them to be evaluated as ideal. It is absolutely part of our upbringing and psyche that we are the caretakers of the cattle. When they are in great condition at home for whatever reason, there is a sense of pride and comfort that goes with it. Unfortunately, when we purchase seedstock using those same criteria for condition and with dreams of pastures full of fat cows regardless of the situation, we are probably not being terribly realistic nor doing ourselves any favors economically.  There is no doubt at times, fat is a very good thing.

Finished market cattle with appropriate external fatness (historically .35 to .6 inches of back fat) and highly-marbled, are the gold standard for the majority of the US beef business. Females that hold their condition during production tend to breed and settle better than those whose body is in a substantial energy deficit. Even in those two cases however, once an optimal level of fatness is achieved, the rest is just expensive and actually can be counterproductive both to fertility in females and when Yield Grade deductions and excessive trimming are needed for marketed carcasses. Sure, when all of the animals have been reared in the same environment, it stands to reason those with more condition probably adapted better, but when a group is fed to obesity, does the most obese one really offer any additional value?
Biochemically, fat is an energy storage mechanism. This ability to store, then metabolize fat during times of energetic challenge like poor forage seasons or during lactation, is crucial for profitability, as it has always been. Fatty acids are also crucial for many life functions, including reproduction. Cattle performing at a high level with substantial supplemental feed and environment however may or may not prove to be adaptable when run on a budget, which is necessary for profit in the beef industry. For that and other good reasons, over-feeding cattle destined for breeding can have negative consequences, although the practice is traditional. The effects of excess energy intake on young breeding stock is also well documented and yet too often ignored. In a fed cattle situation with animals bound for harvest, keeping the rumen pH low with extra starch and energy can be positive because efficiency of gain can be maximized. For seedstock development however, an acidotic rumen environment is usually a terrible thing. The list of short and long-term problems caused by an acid damaged and extremely permeable rumen membrane is substantial, including feet and joint problems, organ damage and even increased lung pathogen issues. All of these work to shorten the productive lives of bulls and females alike and that absolutely reduces production profits.
In other words, we are the primary problem and usually not the cattle. Even with all the reasons not to promote the overfeeding and over-fattening of breeding cattle, when it comes to sale time, buyers seem to salivate over an offering of smooth fat bulls or females. The lure associated with the distorted depth of side, smoothness and thickness created by over-fatness seems to be overwhelming. Pictures of absurdly over fat cattle grace the pages of nearly every livestock publication and cause folks to stop and admire them even though that individual may present little or no real genetic value and may not even offer the kind of fleshing ability represented in the photo because his or her appearance is often due to extreme feeding. When you consider that we over-feed seedstock largely for marketing purposes then watch at home as all of those dollars disappear with time and production. The extreme expense and futility should be obvious. I would assert that excess nutrition costs for the majority of bulls prepared for sale in the US could top $50 to $100 per head (may include creep feeding). That extra feed and expense absolutely does not add and probably reduces lifetime productivity. When you consider we market around 300,000 bulls per year in this nation and millions of females, the price we pay just for our tradition of excessive supplemental feed is astronomical. It is truly an unnecessary cost just to please the eye and potentially fool the shortsighted. Furthermore, this artificial environment often masks genetic and or physical shortcomings that can lead to reduced fertility and are proven to shorten an animal’s productive life. Just ask anyone who has tried in vain to freeze semen on an obese yearling bull or breed females who are in the process of losing extra feed-enhanced condition during breeding. I asked Dr. Dan Larson with Great Plains Consulting to give his views about appropriate bull development. Dr. Larson consults with a large number of seedstock producers across the country regarding their development rations and is a tremendous asset to those breeders and ultimately their customers. Dr. Larson writes, “The goal of a bull development program is inherently simply: produce a bull that will breed cows for at least 4 years with minimal problems. The route to success is less simple and requires a development program that keeps repeat customers in mind. Not repeat customers due to sale credits from previous years but customers that have had mostly excellent experiences with your bulls. The good news is bull development programs need not be complicated nor include exotic or expensive ingredients. While specialty ingredients may contribute a minor benefit, they are not essential and don’t add anything a well-formulated ration cannot, except added cost. The most important aspects of formulation are balancing energy, protein and mineral/vitamins with your target gain. Balancing a ration can be inherently simple and that’s the problem. The net energy system for balancing rations is archaic, but is the basis of every ration-balancing program. Rather than simply asking someone to balance a ration, talk to a professional who can work with your ON FARM ingredients to design a development PROGRAM to produce those functionally sound bulls.
When designing a program, I typically target 2.75- 3.25 pound per day ADG, which will produce a big enough, attractive bull at sale time, without depositing excess fat. These programs certainly vary by operation, but the ration system must contain enough roughage to ensure rumen health and prevent acidosis. Obviously higher performing cattle may exceed this gain and I constantly work with my clientele to adjust the ration program to create the type of bull we want to sell. The key factor in any system is a CONTROLLED provision of concentrate feedstuffs, and roughage if possible. If at all possible, always avoid a self-feeder situation with any replacement calf, be it a bull or heifer. This includes, and is perhaps more important, with self-limited ration systems. It seems that self-limited often equals self-managed, and that is the recipe for disaster. Occasionally, self-feeders are the only option, and in that case, be certain the ration contains adequate digestible fiber to reduce the risk for acidosis. In a controlled system, bunk management is of the utmost importance. Whether feeding a pen of steers or bulls, consistency and accuracy of feeding is the key to rumen health and efficiency. In my experience, acidosis and concurrent over conditioning, are the two biggest factors in customer dissatisfaction with bulls. It is not easy to produce high quality bulls, which is why only a select few do it. However, with an appropriate ration system and development program, you can use the feedstuffs you raise to develop bulls you are proud of in all environments.” The bottom line is many of us are accustomed to buying over fat seedstock. It will probably take time and faith-in-source to learn to buy animals more practically developed with the buyer’s best interest in mind. Some seedstock programs have moved to marketing older bulls to help alleviate buyer concerns with lighter weight yearling individuals and offer a leaner, more service ready product. The truth is, even in a yearling bull program, bulls that weigh 1,100-1,200 pounds and in reasonable flesh are just as capable of mating cows and coming back in satisfactory condition as those weighing 1,400- 1,500 pounds. Some research shows these leaner bulls have a significant service capacity and longevity advantage. The difference is, we are well indoctrinated in the art of believing the heavier, faster gaining, fatter bulls are somehow genetically superior because they look more pleasing on sale day, and we even sometimes use this visual evaluation to choose between herds with hugely differing environments.
As an industry and for the sake of our businesses, we need to be better than that. The facts are, when we use third party verified genetic evaluation, EPDs, DNA and other cutting-edge, index tools to sort cattle for real genetic value, we can do a far superior job of sourcing genetics to help ensure our long term success. Actual weights were great back in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s when weights were all we had. In those days, being awed by 800- or 900-pound actual weaning weights and 1,500 pound yearling weights was understandable. Since then, we have developed evaluation tools that crush the value of those rudimentary, promoted values and allow us to find superior genetics without having to sort through over fed and longevity compromised seedstock.
Don’t misunderstand, we still use weights in comparison with other herd mate contemporaries to bolster the value of our genetic evaluation. Comparing one herd’s offering to another’s based on raw weights and average daily gains is really just comparing the ability of one herd to manage nutrition and environment over another’s or maybe just a measure of who has the most feed or the biggest feed truck,given the fact much of the real profit in the beef business is created on the cost reduction side of the equation. Besides, so much of the real profit in the beef business is created on the cost reduction side of the equation that even the philosophy of overfeeding cattle to promote estimated genetic output value and thus enterprise profit has always been somewhat flawed. Obviously, efficient growth performance and weight is an important driver of income and profit for genetics customers up and down the beef chain. We just don’t have to make cattle obese through the impractical use of huge amounts of supplemental nutrition to find the best ones. EPDs compare animals across any environmental circumstance, allowing us to develop seedstock in a way that is good for their longevity and still find the ones that promise greater performance genetics at all levels.
There is a fine line between heavy enough and in good enough condition to market effectively, then breed an optimal number of cows in the first breeding season versus the kind of over fat bulls with reduced fertility and a shortened productive life because of fat testicles, ruined feet, joints, rumen and or other organ damage created by nutritional excess during the development process.
If you are worried your seedstock provider is over feeding bulls, here is a list of telltale signs:
1. Bulls with group averages for back fat of more than a .15-.30 inches.
2. Stool consistency more common in feedlot steers and unusually loose, gray or watery.
3. Testicular measures unusually large with scrotal shapes wider at the top than the bottom and little testicular definition.
4. Bulls showing “fed cattle like” fat deposits in the brisket, flank or around the tail head.
5. Non-athletic bulls that struggle to easily fill their track and appear sore or even waddle.
6. As a group, feet are compromised: long toes, rolled over, not square and or asymmetrical. The white line at the hairline of the hoof is wide and very evident.
7. Feet show signs of being trimmed.
8. Bulls are unusually slow to get up and move very slowly to feed or water after rising, especially in the morning.
9. A sweet, acidic or unusually foul odor associated with the bulls. 10. High levels of bulls replaced or sale credits for unsatisfactory breeding or longevity performance.
Here’s to the pioneers in this business who are working toward a more practical solution to the costs and functional shortcomings of making and selling obese seedstock. It will no doubt take a great deal of time, education and faith-in-source, to help break the paradigms of so many years of compromising nutrition programs, misinformation and letting our eyes do too much of our thinking for us. Surely in the future we will more often select seedstock based on genetic value inside and less often on what’s fed on the outside.

State Association Officers

State Association Officers

Jimmy Holliman of Marion Junction was raised on a cattle and cotton farm in the Mississippi Delta. He received a B.S. in Animal Science and a Master’s Degree in Animal Nutrition from Mississippi State University. Holliman was employed by Auburn University for 38 years at the Black Belt Research and Extension Center in Marion Junction. He was named Director of the station in 1989. Jimmy started Circle H Cattle Farm in 1982 where he raises outstanding Black Simmental cattle. He is a member of the Next Step Cattle Company where he serves as President.

Holliman is widely known as a local, state and national leader in the beef cattle industry. He has served as director of the Dallas County Cattlemen’s Association for 35 years, serving as President in 2003. He is currently President of the Dallas County Farmers Federation.

Holliman served as a Regional Vice President of the Alabama Cattlemen’s Association and President of the Alabama Beef Cattle Improvement Association. He was President of the Alabama Purebred Breeds Council in 1990-1992. He was elected as the 68 th President of the Alabama Cattlemen’s Association.

Jimmy has been an officer in the Alabama Simmental Association and served as Trustee for the American Simmental Association. In 2004 Holliman was elected President of the Beef Improvement Federation, an international organization promoting the use of performance evaluation. He serves on the Policy Division Board of Directors for the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and is Chairman of the important NCBA Animal Health and Well Being Committee. Holliman has received numerous awards for his service to the beef cattle industry.

He and wife Kathleen enjoy living on their farm where they raised a son Bret who is now married to Mary Ellen and live in Austin, Texas. They are active members of the Marion Junction Baptist Church where he serves as Deacon.

Minnesota Family Receives Top Honor

Minnesota Cattlemen's Association Recognizes Wulf Cattle     |    Wulf Cattle of Morris, MN was awarded the National Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) Cow/Calf Award by the National Beef Quality Assurance Program during the 2017 National Cattle Industry Convention in Nashville, TN.  The National Beef Quality Assurance Cow/Calf Award recognizes an outstanding beef farmer or farm family that best demonstrates animal care and handling principles as part of the day-to-day activities on their respective farm, as well as a strong desire to continually improve BQA on their farm while encouraging others to implement this farmer education program.
“Ensuring beef safety and quality is the primary goal of the BQA program. Wulf Cattle embraces all aspects of BQA and takes their employee trainings far beyond the simple certification by creating and implementing a Be KIND and Be SAFE training program. The dedication displayed by Wulf Cattle for beef quality assurance is exemplary. We are extremely proud to have Wulf Cattle as part of the Minnesota Beef Industry and are grateful for their dedication and commitment to Beef Quality Assurance, says Ashley Kohls, Beef Quality Assurance Coordinator for the Minnesota Beef Council.”

Check out this video highlighting some of the great work Wulf Cattle does to maintain high quality and safety standards.

Producer Spotlight

Moser Ranch    |     Wheaton, Kansas     |     By Audrey Hambright

Harry and Lisa Moser of Moser Ranch near Wheaton, Kansas, have made an excellent team. From performing all aspects of physical labor around the ranch, to making management and business decisions, their approach has helped create a thriving, family-run operation.

Harry, born and raised in North Dakota, was attending a Block & Bridle Conference in Fargo as an animal science student from North Dakota State University, where he met Lisa, an animal science student from Kansas State University. Both were raised on diversified agriculture operations engraining in each of them a love for beef cattle, leading them to pursue common educational endeavors and eventually getting married in 1982.

The Moser’s started their journey together working on Harry’s father’s operation before they were presented with an opportunity to manage a ranch in Kansas, four years later. The move allowed them to bring their own cow herd with them, giving them the chance to continue to build their genetic lines. Eight years later, they set out on their own and moved north of Wheaton to establish their own operation.

Since striking out on their own and continuing to pursue avenues in the purebred seedstock business, Moser Ranch has come to sit on a solid, 35-year foundation. The ranch herd is comprised of Simmental, Angus and SimAngus genetics. Last November, they held their 25th annual bull sale. The largest portion of their customer base, which numbers 375, is within 200 miles, but they have sold cattle across the U.S. and Canada. Their product is very commercially oriented, according to the Mosers, with 99 percent of their bulls sold to the commercial cow-calf man.

Their customer’s success and loyalty is how Moser Ranch defines their own success. Each year, 85 percent of their bulls are sold to repeat buyers.

“By the customers coming back, we feel like we’re raising the right product,” Lisa said.

However, not only providing the right product has increased return buyers, but their level of customer service. Follow-up visits, customer suppers and meetings as well as creating a market for their bull buyer’s products, are just a few of the way they have built customer loyalty.

“If we can add value, they see a reason to buy breeding stock from us,” Harry said.

The lifestyle can be challenging, but ultimately they find it to be the biggest reward for their family.

“It’s a great way to raise kids,” Lisa said. “It teaches them responsibility and a love for the land.”

“It’s a great way of life,” Harry added.

Since their first year of marriage, they’ve set targets and have been detailed in their decision making, carefully considering new opportunities. Each major decision that has been made on the ranch included a list of pros and cons to evaluate whether that opportunity was in best interest of the future of the ranch.

Harry and Lisa regularly guest speak in classes in the K-State animal science department and host livestock judging team workouts at the ranch. One piece of crucial advice they share with their senior classes is applicable to anyone.

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Janelle Atyeo, Tri-State Neighbor Reporter       |      Photo by Janelle Atyeo    |    

The barn on the Eichacker farm near Salem, S.D., gets plenty of use.

This time of year, it’s a cozy place for newborn Simmental and red Angus calves, but it also has served as a space for family gatherings and community fundraisers. Just before the new year began, it hosted a wedding rehearsal dinner for Steve and Cathy Eichacker’s son.

Standing beside a 3-day-old calf in its pen, Steve Eichacker recalled with a laugh the family Christmas when Grandpa fell asleep in the recliner under the powerful heater in the barn, proof that the barn long has been a comfortable place for more than just calves.

It often is transformed into a welcoming space for people. Cathy has a knack for decorating. Once the barn is clean, she goes to work stringing icicle lights and setting tables with seasonal decorations. It’s shotgun shells and straw bales for the St. Mary’s Ringneck Classic that the family hosts in early December. The team pheasant-hunting event and auction raises money for the Catholic school where the three Eichacker children graduated.

Preparing for the sale

For the past few months, the Eichackers have been getting ready for the barn’s next transformation – the operation’s annual bull sale March 3.

The Eichackers raise registered Simmentals and a smaller herd of registered Red Angus. For their sale, they combine with Tri-State Neighbor livestock representative Jeff Kapperman, who brings his Angus bulls to sell. This year will be the 10th time for hosting the bull sale at the Eichacker home place.

“It’s a busy time,” Steve said.

Preparations start in earnest in December, grooming animals and taking photographs and video footage of the bulls. For the evening sale, Cathy prepares a spread of food with help from her siblings. They typically serve 300 people.

“They just like to come Friday night and have fun,” she said.

“It’s an evening out. It’s our way of saying thanks to everybody that helps with the sale,” Steve added.

It takes about 35 people among those serving food, parking cars and running the bulls through the ring in the converted calf barn.

‘You need to contribute’

Eichacker has dedicated his life’s work to bettering the Simmental breed on his farm, and now he’s working to promote and improve things on a larger scale.

Eichacker was elected this winter to the American Simmental Association board of trustees. He is one of four representatives of the board’s north-central region and will serve a three-year term and be eligible for one more term. Eichacker said it’s important to give back.

“You need to contribute,” he said. “The association and the Simmental breed have been good to us over the years.”

Eichacker said he has a lot to learn about the national association, but he’s not a stranger to board work. He served as president of the South Dakota Simmental Association in the early 2000s. Friends encouraged him to get involved at the national level. It wasn’t possible after his dad died four years ago, he said, but now enough time has passed since the transition that he feels he has the time to dedicate, and the much-needed support to allow him to do so. “The bottom line is, if you want to be on the board, you’ve got to have people at home,” he said.

He and Cathy farm with his brother, Greg, and two employees raising cattle, corn and soybeans.

Their kids help out, too. Their daughter, Amanda Buttemeier, works at a bank in Sioux Falls. She and her husband have two kids. Son Nick is newly married. He works in real estate with a Sioux Falls company but recently moved to his grandparents’ acreage in the Salem area. The youngest, Adam, is a sophomore at South Dakota State University in Brookings.

Steve and Cathy live on the farm where his grandpa first moved the 1940s. It was a dairy until Steve’s parents, Raphael and Judy, turned their focus to the Simmental breed in 1970.

Hitting the Target

By Greg Henderson    |   

Improved genetics, management and attention to detail, some of which began a generation ago, are paying dividends for America’s cattlemen. Those changes give today’s consumer more beef products they desire, and reward stakeholders in every industry segment.

Advancements in genetics and management are most evident in the significant improvement to the quality grades of cattle offered for harvest. Last month USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) reported the percentage of cattle grading Prime and Choice for the week ending Jan. 7, was a whisker shy of 79%. That’s the highest percent Choice and Prime ever.

Additionally, the Choice-Select spread is consistently higher, says CattleFax analyst Lance Zimmerman.

“The Choice-Select spread has been relatively consistent in the $8 to $9 per cwt range,” he says. “We see steeper discounts for an animal that can’t grade Choice, and the Prime versus no roll spread is $420 per animal.”

Efforts to improve beef quality began with the landmark 1991 National Beef Quality Audit. That study involved producers, packers, processors, retailers and consumers, identifying the quality defects and missed opportunities at the root of diminishing demand. That audit famously found $280 per carcass in lost value (using market prices at the time), with $200 of loss due to excessive fat. Yet, while the industry needed to eliminate waste fat, there was a clear signal more taste fat (marbling) was desired.

Subsequent quality audits revealed the industry made progress in the 1990s and early 2000s, reducing bruises, injection site blemishes and other management-correctable defects. A greater emphasis on genetics was also underway, but quality grade concerns remained. Over the past decade, however, that has changed.

“Beginning in 2007, the industry saw annual advances, with the exception of 2012, in the percentage of fed cattle carcasses grading Choice,” says Paul Dykstra, beef cattle specialist with Certified Angus Beef LLC. “The 2006 average of 51.7% Choice remarkably improved to a 2015 average of 69.1%.”

Dykstra recently published a white paper, “Why Quality Grades are Improving,” which examines the trend, its causes and implications. Along with gains in the Choice category, Dykstra notes the percentage of Prime carcasses—locked in the 2% to 3.5% range for years—“jumped to 4.2% in 2014 and 5.1%” in 2015.

“People may recall hearing about higher quality grades several decades ago, but in the 1970s and '80s many carcasses were not offered for USDA grading,” Dykstra says. “Today’s U.S. cattle herd is producing the largest amount of high-quality beef ever.”

Dykstra says a shortage of high-quality beef was prevalent a decade ago, with the share of Choice carcasses often dropping below 50%. “That led to market incentives, fueling the turnaround in grade. The 2015 average of 69.1% Choice was a 17.3-percentage-point improvement in annual grading since then."

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The Problem:  

Imagine you had to find bulls for your operation but you didn’t know any breeders, nobody used EPDs, or even shared actual data. It’s obvious to anyone interested in building quality cattle and maximizing profit this would be a major blow to the bottom line.

Yet, this is how the feeder calf business exists today. Frequently, when purchasing quality feeder calves, we can receive crucial information regarding environmental factors such as management and health protocols, weights, etc. However, when it comes to genetic awareness, color and polled status are often asked to substitute for true knowledge. A common scenario, and at times the best-case scenario, is that the calf buyer has a previous relationship with the seller and has owned and experienced the performance of the seller’s calves before. In more rare cases, we may have some information on the seller’s bull purchases. Again, this is a powerful step forward. It provides at least some insight into a portion of the genetics within the program.  However, in a data-driven world, this level of genetic awareness is woefully inadequate.  Especially since the financial stakes for feeder calf procurement are even higher than the stakes for bull procurement. Understandably, most large cattle buyers have the technology to estimate genetic and environmental performance on feeder cattle but that information is not public and, for obvious reasons, is kept to those companies. Therefore, price discovery as we know it today most often does not take account the actual performance potential of a producer’s feeder cattle.

The Solution:

Attempts to determine the relative value of feeder cattle have been made for a long time; however, certain issues have made it difficult.  The foremost limitation has been accurately gauging the profit potential of the largest genetic group within the beef industry — the crossbred calf. It is a known scientific fact that commercial beef producers wishing to maximize cowherd fertility and longevity must crossbreed. This not only provides them a sustainable and profitable cow base but fortunately generates an end product that is known to be the best combination of growth potential and carcass merit — the crossbred calf.  The history of the Feeder Profit Calculator (FPC) has its roots in ASA’s Terminal Index ($TI). The $TI was developed over a decade ago by ASA in collaboration with Dr. Michael MacNeil, who was a USDA research geneticist at the time. The $TI is an economic selection index designed for selecting terminal sires.  Though $TI could do a reasonable job valuing feeder calves, it was determined that evolving $TI into a tool that could account for such things as a current accounting of prices/costs, heterosis, and non-genetic factors (e.g., vaccination status), would improve the accuracy of predicting feeder calf values. Dr. MacNeil, now with Delta G Genetics, was tapped to evolve $TI into that tool — the FPC. Many of the FPC’s non-genetic components were sourced by Dr. David Lalman of Oklahoma State University.  Providing the most robust genetic awareness of crossbred calves requires the most robust multi-breed genetic evaluation.  Fortunately, International Genetic Solutions (IGS) provides the ideal platform to generate unparalleled information on crossbred and composite feeder calves. IGS, along with its’ member associations, the science team at Theta Solutions, and scientific contributions by Dr. Matt Spangler of the University of Nebraska is ideally suited to provide the industry’s benchmark in gauging feeder calf value. The IGS Feeder Profit Calculator empowers producers to market with confidence and allows feeders to maximize their purchasing dollars.

The Future:  

Capitalizing on novel technology usually requires a tremendous learning curve and a major outlay of dollars.  Not this time! The IGS Feeder Profit Calculator is unique. It will offer a level of genetic awareness of crossbred feeder calves that has not been previously possible in the beef business.  The IGS science team, the IGS partner associations, and the world’s largest beef genetic evaluation database allow the IGS FPC to be delivered at no cost to producers. That is correct. No Cost!

Beef producers looking for a transparent and straightforward assessment of their calves will harness the power of IGS by simply making a call, sending an email, or visiting the IGS website.  IGS and/or breed association personnel will request information on herd health, basic management protocols, the bull battery used in previous years, and insight into the makeup of the cowherd. The more thorough the inputs from the producer, the better the predictive ability of the FPC.  While individual sire identification isn’t required, identification of the bulls used in the operation is required.  Producers will be asked to share preconditioning information and the health program in place.  The IGS FPC will be demonstrated at the 2017 NCBA Convention in Nashville, TN, and be made available to the public shortly thereafter. Three short demos will be held at the IGS booth each day of the convention.  For producers who have interest in having their calves evaluated through the IGS FPC please contact one of the IGS breed partners or contact beef@internationalgeneticsolutions.  com. Cattle feeders who are interested in integrating the capabilities of the IGS FPC into their purchasing decisions please use the same email. Additional information and highlights will be provided in the coming months.

 The article was written by Will Townsend and Chip Kemp

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